As time progresses, history is often referenced in order to make and important law, reform, treaty decision or any type of decision for that matter. Opening the doors of history can lead to finding answers to the past, answers to trends and patterns of different cultures, or even just learning the lives of those who lived in very different time periods from each other and modern time.

The history of racism starts with the ideology that there is a superior race. The racial issues today have subsided but peace is not quite there yet. The United States Constitution includes Amendment 13 which states,

“Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”

From this amendment, it is clear that in history there was a time of slavery. After looking at this source, the research is on and the river of documents and archives start to flow about this topic; a topic that has and can be broad but also specific. Primary sources can be found from plantation owners and freed slaves or even the ones that did not support the idea of having slaves. Let’s start with the labor that the slaves needed to accomplish every day. When there is any talk about slavery it is usually known as the cotton pickers and that it was the African- Americans who were the slaves but, with a further examination of these documents there is proof that there were many duties and also indigenous groups were also involved. Yes, the African-Americans made up the majority of the slaves but there were also indigenous and Anglo-Americans among the enslaved. As the slaves differentiated the duties did as well, African-Americans did most of the work; women did indoor chores while the men did the outdoor work. Indigenous women and Anglo-American women were tasked to teach English and had easier household work.

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Slave Quarters

 

These duties led to gender division and changed the cultures of these races, especially, that of the Africans. They were kidnapped from their country and taken to colonial America to serve. In Africa, these families had a different lifestyle, under the categories of marriage, work, and language, than that of the Europeans. A stable familial life was impossible to acquire due to the ownership of the child born into slavery who then becomes part of the property of an Anglo-America plantation owner. Children were often bought and sold amongst the property owners which led to giving birth,

 

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Slaves were at high risk in losing their families but, they continued to marry.

 

a wonderful experience, to a bitter moment. African American slaves were taken from their families, bought and sold so when they had a baby they were excited to have a family again. The happy moment stays for the beginning of childbirth then the future of the family was based on the profit-hungry owner who decides whether he should sell or keep the child and family together. Marriages of those who were enslaved were not acknowledged as ‘real’ marriages. The idea that the wife is owned by the husband, she must listen to him. Therefore, there can not be another man, the slave owner, she can take orders from.

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